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The Bell Boeing V Osprey is an American multi-mission, tiltrotor military aircraft with both vertical takeoff and landing VTOLand short takeoff and landing STOL capabilities.
It is designed to combine the functionality of a conventional helicopter with the long-range, high-speed cruise performance of a turboprop aircraft. The failure of Operation Eagle Claw during the Iran hostage crisis in underscored the requirement for a new long-range, high-speed, vertical-takeoff aircraft for the Popular cv writer sites toronto States Department of Defense. A partnership between Bell Helicopter and Boeing Helicopters was awarded a development contract in for the V tiltrotor aircraft.
The Bell Boeing team jointly produce the aircraft. The United States Marine Corps began crew training for the Osprey inand fielded it in ; it supplemented and then replaced their Boeing Vertol CH Sea Knights.
The Osprey's other operator, the U. Air Forcefielded their version of the tiltrotor in Since entering service with the U. Marine Corps and Air Force, the Osprey has been deployed in transportation and medevac operations over Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya and Kuwait. The failure of the Iran hostage rescue mission in demonstrated to the United States military a need   for "a new type of aircraft, that could not only take off and land vertically but also could carry combat troops, and do so at speed.
They realized that a concentrated strike force was vulnerable to a single nuclear weaponairborne solutions with good speed and range allowed for significant dispersal;  and their CHs were wearing out;  without replacement, the threat of a merger between the Marine Corps and the Army lingered,   similar to President Truman 's proposal following World War II.
Navy and Marine Corps were given the lead in Marine Corps, Air Force, Army and Navy. Contractors were encouraged to form teams. Bell partnered with Boeing Vertol to submit a proposal for an enlarged version of the Bell XV prototype on 17 February Being the only proposal received, a preliminary design contract was awarded on 26 April Bell Helicopter manufactures and integrates the wing, nacelles, rotors, drive system, tail surfaces, and aft ramp, as well as integrates the Rolls-Royce engines and performs final assembly.
Boeing Helicopters manufactures and integrates the fuselage, cockpit, avionics, and flight controls. Air Force variant received CV; this was reversed from normal procedure to prevent Marine Corps Ospreys from having a conflicting designation with aircraft carriers CV.
At this point, all four U. That year, the U. Army left the program, citing a need to focus its budget on more immediate aviation programs. Navy not to spend more money on the V He was eventually overruled by Congress  which provided unrequested funding for the program. This redesigned version popular cv writer sites toronto the VB model. Flight testing at the stage focused on expanding the flight envelope, measuring flight loads, and supporting the EMD redesign.
This and further flight testing with the early Vs continued popular dissertation results editing sites australia The first EMD flight took place on 5 February Testing fell behind schedule.
Admission popular editor ca services essay problems identified in various accidents had reportedly been addressed. InLieutenant Colonel Odin Lieberman, commander of the V squadron at Marine Corps Air Station New Riverwas relieved of duty after allegations that he instructed his unit to falsify maintenance records to make the aircraft appear more reliable. Of the total planned, are for the U.
Work is expected to be completed in September Large parts are held in place by suction cups and measured electronically. Raw materials arrive frozen. NAVAIR worked with a Florida-based composite armor company and the Army Aviation Development Directorate to develop and popular cv writer sites toronto the Advanced Ballistic Stopping System ABSS by October The ABSS be installed or removed when needed in hours and partially assembled in pieces for partial protection of specific areas.
As of May16 kits had been delivered to the USAF. Its operational range is 1, nmi. Popular cv writer sites toronto fixed wing flight is higher than typical helicopter missions allowing longer range line-of-sight communications popular cv writer sites toronto improved command and control. Naval Air Systems Command NAVAIR devised a temporary fix of portable heat shields placed under the engines, and determined that a long-term solution would require redesigning decks with heat resistant coating, passive thermal barriers, and ship structure changes.
Similar changes are required for FB operations. In the Cheap essay writers services for phd program, the Navy purchases engines separately from the aircraft themselves. The aircraft's autorotation popular cv writer sites toronto are poor partly because popular cv writer sites toronto rotors have low inertia.
This is a gradual transition, occurring over the nacelles' rotation range; the lower the nacelles, the greater effect of the airplane-mode control surfaces. According to some who have flown the aircraft, former fixed-wing pilots may be preferable over helicopter ones as they are not trained to constantly adjust the controls while hovering.
The system had not been fired in combat as Vs were routinely escorted by helicopter popular cv writer sites toronto and close air support aircraft, allowing them to focus on their transport role; squadrons also often flew without the belly gun, as the added weight reduced its cargo-carrying capacity. The Osprey's speed means it can outrun supporting conventional helicopters, requiring a self-defense capability on long-range missions and operate independently.
The infrared gun camera has proven valuable for reconnaissance and surveillance. Other weapons are being studied to provide an all-quadrant defensive weapon system including nose guns, door guns, and nonlethal countermeasures to work with the current ramp-mounted machine gun and the IDWS. Armament increases are for enhanced offensive capabilities to special rapid crisis response task forces, rather than as an attack platform.
Fuselage-based hardpoints would be used to clear the proprotors. The USMC and USAF seek a traversable nose-mounted weapon connected to a helmet-mounted sight; recoil complicates integrating a forward-facing gun.
Having an aerial refueling capability that can be based off Wasp-class popular cv writer sites toronto assault ships would increase the striking power of Marine FBs, as they would not rely on refueling assets that could only be based on full-sized Nimitz-class aircraft carriers or from land bases.
The operator must open the ramp to extend the refueling hose, then raise the ramp once extended, with the top ramp door left open. The V could refuel rotary-wing aircraft, but it would require a separate drogue used specifically by helicopters and a partially converted nacelle. In lateit was stated that such tankers could be operational by but a contract delay pushed IOC to late VARS would become operational in FY and allow the Osprey to become the USMC's "recovery tanker" to refuel inbound aircraft popular cv writer sites toronto remain aloft popular cv writer sites toronto awaiting landing clearance for available deck space.
On 3 JuneMarine Corps helicopter squadron Marine Medium Helicopter HMM stood down to transition to the MV The unit reactivated on 3 March as the first MV squadron, redesignated as VMM On 23 MarchHMM became Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron VMM at Marine Corps Air Station New River, North Carolina. Marine Corps on 13 June The decision to use a ship instead of self-deploying was made because of concerns over custom persuasive essay ghostwriter for hire au during the North Atlantic portion of the trip, lack of available KCs for mid-air refueling popular cv writer sites toronto, and the Wasp' s availability.
General David Petraeusthe top U. Trautman, III praised the V's popular cv writer sites toronto speed and range over legacy helicopters, stating that "it turned his battle space from the size of Texas into the size of Rhode Island. The report also stated that the aircraft had shown weakness in situational awareness, maintenance, shipboard operations and transport capability.
Ospreys assisted in inserting 1, Marines and Afghan troops into the Now Zad Valley of Helmand Province in southern Afghanistan to disrupt Taliban communication and supply lines. Flying from Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Okinawa alongside two KCJ tanker aircraft, the Ospreys flew to Clark Air Base in the Philippines on 2 August, then to Darwin, Australia popular cv writer sites toronto 3 August, Townsville, Australia on 4 August, and finally rendezvoused with Bonhomme Richard on 5 August.
On 29 occasions between 1 November and 24 Apriltwo Ospreys and a KCJ aerial tanker assigned to this Tactical Recovery of Aircraft and Personnel TRAP mission spent flight hours loitering, ready to perform rescue missions if required. The only pilot that was downed was a Jordanianbut he did not have a radio on him when he ejected and landed too close to ISIL forces. One Osprey suffered an engine failure causing a hard landing which injured two of the crew, and was later destroyed with a guided bomb.
This and subsequent aircraft became part of the 58th SOW's fleet of aircraft used for training pilots and crew popular cv writer sites toronto for special operations use. Air Force's first operational deployment of the Osprey sent four CVs to Mali in November in support of Exercise Flintlock.
The CVs flew nonstop from Hurlburt Field, Florida with in-flight refueling. South Sudanese officials stated that the attackers were rebels. The formation was hit times, causing flight control failures and hydraulic and fuel leaks on all three aircraft.
Due to fuel leaks, multiple air-to-air refuelings were performed en route. The commandos eliminated the militants at the site, but found that the hostages had been moved elsewhere and returned home empty handed. The Osprey would act as a complement to Air Continue reading HHG Pave Hawk and planned HHW rescue helicopters, being employed in scenarios where its ability to cover more ground quickly would be better suited to search and rescue than more nimble but slower helicopters.
One advantage of the V is the ability to deliver supplies and people between non-carrier ships beyond helicopter range.
The C-2 can only deliver cargo to popular cv writer sites toronto, requiring further distribution to smaller vessels via helicopters, while the V is certified for operating upon amphibious ships, aircraft carriers, and logistics ships. The Navy's program of record originally called for 48 aircraft, but it later determined that only 44 were required. Production of the CMV will begin in FY and start deliveries in India had seen the Osprey perform in relief operations of the April Nepal earthquake.
The V exceeds current Japan Self-Defense Forces helicopters in terms of range, speed, and payload. The ministry anticipates deployments to the Nansei Islands and the Senkaku Islandsas well as in multinational cooperation with the U. The UAE intends to use the Osprey to support special forces. During testing popular cv writer sites toronto to click here, there were four crashes resulting in 30 fatalities.
The aircraft's accident history has generated some controversy over its perceived safety issues. For other uses, see V22 disambiguation. Main article: Accidents and incidents involving the V Osprey. United States Marine Corps portal. United States Air Force portal. Marine Corps, 14 June Fort Worth Star-Telegram5 May Accessed: 8 May Department of the Navy, February Retrieved: 10 May Department of the Navy, March Retrieved: 11 January Retrieved: 26 March popular cv writer sites toronto Mackenzie Productions for Military Channel7 April Retrieved: 29 March Retrieved: 30 December Center of Military History CMHUnited States Army, Retrieved: 8 February Retrieved: 22 July Retrieved: 24 April Archived on 25 May Retrieved: 8 August Retrieved: 16 February Retrieved 6 April Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 2 November Retrieved: 27 February Accessed: April 9, Accessed: 15 March Quote: For every hour the Corps flies a E, it spends 44 maintenance hours fixing it.
Retrieved: 29 April Archived on 30 April Marine Corps and Tom Macdonald, MV popular cv writer sites toronto pilot and Ray Dagenhart, MV lead government engineer. Retrieved: 9 April United States Air ForceFebruary Bennett 14 January Retrieved 31 March Retrieved: 23 June Military Embedded Systems15 February Retrieved: 24 February Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 17 May Retrieved 12 March Retrieved popular cv writer sites toronto July Archived on 6 May Retrieved: 6 February Retrieved: 16 September Archived on 3 October Air Command and Staff College, April Navy, 17 June DARPA-BAAThermal Management System TMS DARPA16 November Accessed: popular admission essay editing for March Quote: "MV Osprey has resulted in ship flight deck buckling that has been attributed to the excessive heat impact from engine exhaust plumes.
Navy studies have indicated that repeated deck buckling will likely cause deck failure before planned ship life. Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 4 April Defense News, 16 September Breaking Defense16 July Assessment of Navy Heavy-Lift Aircraft Options p RAND Corporation Retrieved: 18 March Unleashing Nature's Fury: A Preparedness Guide. Retrieved: 26 February V Osprey Fast rope 1 USMC6 November Archived on 21 March Archived on 12 January Technical Papers A 10—01 : AIAA Flight Simulation Technologies Conference Technical Papers, Baltimore, MD, 3 August Archived on 11 January Retrieved: 10 December Retrieved: 28 June Retrieved 27 October Retrieved: 16 October Retrieved: 26 November Retrieved: 19 April Retrieved: 3 August Retrieved: 6 August Retrieved: 10 February Retrieved: 25 November Department of Defense6 May Retrieved: 4 September Congressional Research Service reports22 December Government Accountability Essay donald writing trump help persuasive on professional, 11 May Retrieved: 18 February Retrieved: 21 January Navy Times, 22 March American Forces Press Popular phd bibliography. Retrieved 12 August Retrieved: 6 May TIME Battleland, 14 June Retrieved: 17 June BBC, 23 July Osprey October 2, Retrieved August 26, Retrieved 23 June Accessed: November 24, Retrieved 2 February Retrieved: 20 November Air Force Special Operations Command11 June Popular cv writer sites toronto 13 March Aircraft Foils Evacuation in South Sudan " New York TimesDecember 21, Accessed: December 22, USS Nimitz Public Affairs.
Retrieved 18 Read more Retrieved 2 August Jane's Defence Weekly Jane's Information Group25 January popular cv writer sites toronto DoD, 22 April Gannett Government Media Corporation. Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 15 March Help write mathematics article28 October Press TV, 31 October Helicopter InternationalVolume 38 Number 4 January — February Globes, 24 November AJW by The Asahi Shimbun.
Retrieved 12 January Aviation Week, 3 May Popular cv writer sites toronto 10 November Retrieved: 21 August Rotorhub, 24 February Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 7 January Air Force, 8 August Air Force, popular cv writer sites toronto June Air Force, 3 January Retrieved 5 November Wired4 October Retrieved 6 March Jacksonville, North Carolina: Camp Lejeune Globe.
Retrieved 29 October Retrieved: 14 November Marines See MV Improvements. Markman, Steve and Bill Holder. Straight Up: A History of Vertical Flight. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Http://onlinepharmacynoprescription.co/cheap-critical-thinking-writers-service-liverpool.php Publishing, Bell Boeing V Osprey, Tiltrotor Tactical Transport.
Earl Shilton, Leicester, UK: Midland Publishing, click to see more Defense Policy Choices for the Bush Administration.
Defense Acquisitions: Readiness of the Marine Corps' V Aircraft for Full-Rate Production. Darby, Pennsylvania: Diane Publishing, The Dream Machine: The Untold History of the Notorious V Osprey.
Official Boeing Popular cv writer sites toronto site. Official Bell V site. V Osprey history on Navy. CV fact sheet on USAF site. V page on GlobalSecurity. Navy video of V operations.
Cutaway drawing of V prototype. Newer cutaway drawing of V Aircraft produced by Bell Aircraft and Bell Helicopter. United States tri-service STOL and VTOL aircraft designations post Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in. Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store. Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page. What links popular cv writer sites toronto Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page.
Boeing Rotorcraft Systems 13 June  United States Marine Corps.
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The Bell Boeing V Osprey is an American multi-mission, tiltrotor military aircraft with both vertical takeoff and landing, and short takeoff and landing capabilities.