Second-order logic, philosophical issues in - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Order logic article First order logic with equality | Article about First order logic with equality by The Free Dictionary Order logic article


Order logic article BestThinking / Articles / Science / Math / Logic / Simulating Creativity Part 2: Higher Order Logic (Article)

In Part 1 I described how the brain has developed into a simulator capable of handling models of reality. In this part I show how logic and language enter the picture as higher order manipulations of those models. I go on to illustrate how one of the more interesting tricks of logic, self reference, fits into this perspective.

My brain is a simulator, capable of predicting the future by applying to the world around me the laws of physics and society and other personal knowledge. Knowing the future allows me to prepare myself to make the best of it that I can. I can hold two different futures in my head, compare them and decide which one I like better, allowing me to make the choice that leads to that future.

So my brain is not just a simulator, order logic article is a multi-simulator, it is a compare-and-contrast-multi-simulator. It is a compare-and-contrast-multi-micro-simulator. It is a comparative-multi-micro-constructive-simulator.

No wonder we make mistakes all the time, we try to be too much! From this mess we get right and wrong, logic and language. Or, I make a prediction of the future and keep the memory. When that future comes to be, I compare it to my prediction. If my model of reality does not match my predicted model, I call the prediction "wrong" and avoid using that type of prediction again. When I find the "right" prediction I remember it to use later, and build up my set of rules that match reality.

These working predictions form the basis of logic, as one rule leads to another and changes the data in the predicted model.

Language is even higher order than this simple logic. We use language to describe a model from our heads, but also to describe the logic in our heads. We describe the model created to remember a useful prediction. We setup a new model called context where we store all the data in the conversation.

We ignore context and describe some other model. We describe the model that was created when we imagined ourself ignoring context so that we can apologise for being confusing. Thank goodness I learned common language as a child.

Inventing a new one to track all possibilities would be a nightmare! Please excuse this paragraph for employing higher-order tricks. It is the ability to make and work with models that allows higher order language. A model of reality is first order. The model used to compare one model to another is second order. It "looks down" on the first http://onlinepharmacynoprescription.co/top-blog-post-writer-website-london.php order logic article make the comparison, so we order logic article it "higher".

One comparison of this type might be, for example, two people. The model may find their similarities and become the model for "boy". To continue the example, a new model could compare "boy" to the original real world person, to get "average". You can go higher order and model "model". Language looks at these models, whatever their order - higher, lower, sideways, backwards - and treats them all the same. It treats them all as if they were first order and simply describes and relates them to each other.

Self reference has long been an interesting trick. It is NOT a model that relates to itself at least directly. That is what causes most confusion and logical difficulties. It is a model that relates to a second model, a copy of the first. One represents the wording, the other represents the meaning. This requires a brain to process the models and consider their logical implications. All communication, of course, requires a recipient to give it meaning, but it is an assumption that is taken for granted enough to make self reference feel like a trick.

The ability to break a model up into multiple pieces cheap dissertation proposal writer services liverpool give each slightly different meanings is order logic article example of the flexibility of the brain.

It is a tool for creativity and the logic to apply that creativity to the outside world. Technology is developing quickly, but at least for the foreseeable future, the order logic article will be able to keep adjusting to the ever more complex world.

If I were to get ahead of myself and make a suggestion, it would be order logic article concentrate on interaction. Study how things behave as they work together, in a general sense. Also how the audience behaves toward the project. This is in contrast to choosing materials for order logic article inherent desirability, and trying to force them to coordinate. I find that the things that seem most creative to me appear to come from a different perspective then the common one.

In order to show that, you need to use your materials as tools to craft your order logic article out of total experience. Learning how order logic article use those tools, like any tool, is learning how they interact with the world. Go to your messages, "write a message", type my name in the box Your order logic article are revealing, but you need to better acknowledge the difference between symbolism and reality. The word apple is not edible, no more than a drawing or photograph of an apple are edible.

The concept of an apple in the brain and mind differs from the physical sites for letter ghostwriter phd application cheap. Your ideas are order logic article, relating brain see more mind functioning to supposed future realities, with feedback determining veracity.

My communication skills are yet not up to the task that that that level of specificity requires. In the case of your apple, order logic article perspective suggests that your brain contains a model of the word apple connected to the model of the physical apple that contains the order logic article "edible". There may be other connections as well, like models of the visible and generic apple.

Keep working on it, Kyle. I appreciate independent philosophers like yourself because order logic article tend to think "outside the box. This Article is not available for syndication. Contact BestThinking for details. Learn more and register order logic article. Enhance your publication, blog or journal with high quality content from BestThinking. Creating a feed is a 3-step process:. Kyle is an amateur thinker hoping order logic article make an impression with a new philosophy of growth and development applicable to order logic article subjects.

I mean that from a developmental standpoint. Children need to learn and grow, so they need exercise. Adults need to be order logic article, so exercise is order logic article waste of time. Children are not capable of real work, so they should practice until This is a simpler one. Scientists study the world to try to predict the future.

Understanding is not so much important as being able to reproduce results. To do that, they study small parts von cheap speech editing service for university Ausmessen strict conditions.

This works well for their purposes, but if they are too strict, than they have to Simulating Creativity Part 2: Higher Order Logic. The development of logic to assist in the simulation of our world. You can copy and paste this URL. This URL will permanently link back to best writers website liverpool page. Table of Contents Show All Media 0 Comment on Article Keywords Listen to Article Share on Web Send Link Print Permalink.

RSS Feed Report Concerns In Part 1 I described how the brain has developed into a simulator capable of handling models of reality. I go order logic article to illustrate how order logic article of the more interesting tricks of logic, self reference, fits into this perspective. I can hold two different futures in my head, compare them and decide which one I like better, allowing me to make the choice that leads to that future. No wonder we make mistakes all the time, we try to order logic article too much!.

These working predictions form the basis of logic, as one rule leads to another and changes the data in the predicted model. Please excuse this paragraph for employing higher-order tricks. It treats them all as if they were first order and simply describes and relates them to each other.

All communication, of order logic article, requires a recipient to give it meaning, but it is an assumption that is taken for granted enough to make self reference feel like a trick.

Technology order logic article developing quickly, but at least for the foreseeable future, the brain will be able to keep adjusting to the ever more complex world. Ideas on how this might be taught? I am going to be teaching an introductory class in "Creative Thinking" and I am curious if you have any ideas on the other side of the issue of Creativity.

Here you are working on defining it, does your model lead you to any ideas on how the "facility" for creativity can be taught? Go to your messages, "write a message", type my name in the box. Your ideas are revealing, but you need to better acknowledge the difference between symbolism and reality. The concept of an apple in the brain and mind differs from the physical fruit.

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You can alternatively choose to always pay the lowest cost. Deliver it to your website. Select the delivery method that works best for you and add the corresponding plugin, widget or HTML code to your website. Create a New Feed. Recent Content by Kyle Headley. Exercise is for Children. Independently Verifiable Facts: The Best PR in the World. The Fallacy of Complexity. The Reproducibility Crisis of Psychology and What It Is Trying to Tell Us.

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Second- order logic is an extension of first- order logic where, in addition to quantifiers such as “for every object (in the universe of discourse),” one has.


What is FIRST-ORDER LOGIC? What does FIRST-ORDER LOGIC mean? FIRST-ORDER LOGIC meaning & explanation

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